Posts Tagged ‘Reasons’

8 Reasons the U.S. Surgeon General Should Announce UV Tanning Causes Skin Cancer

8 Reasons the U.S. Surgeon General Should Announce UV Tanning Causes Skin Cancer

AURORA, Colo. (PRWEB) April 08, 2015

A July 2014 Call to Action to Prevent Skin Cancer by acting Surgeon General Dr. Boris Lushniak points out that indoor tanning is “strongly associated with increased skin cancer risk,” but stops short of reporting that tanning causes cancer. A University of Colorado Cancer Center opinion published today in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine points out that UV tanning meets the same criteria as smoking as a cause of cancer and argues that announcing the causality could save lives.

“In 1964 when the Surgeon General finally reported that smoking causes lung cancer, awareness and policy followed. Smoking rates declined and lung cancer rates have too. It’s time for the Surgeon General to say the same thing about UV tanning,” says Robert P. Dellavalle, MD, PhD, MSPH, investigator at the CU Cancer Center, associate professor of dermatology at the University of Colorado School of Medicine, and the study’s senior author.

There are nine criteria used to determine a causal relationship in disease, developed in the context of smoking and lung cancer in 1965 by British epidemiologist Sir Austin Bradford Hill. Smoking and UV tanning both meet eight of the nine criteria, as follows:

1. Strength of Association

How much more likely is skin cancer in people who have used tanning beds? Numbers vary, but Dellavalle and colleagues point to analyses of large populations of people showing that skin cancer risk is about 16 percent more likely in people who report ever having used a tanning bed. The strength of the association between smoking and lung cancer is even stronger, with smokers being 35 percent more likely than non-smokers to get lung cancer, but in terms of epidemiology, the 16 percent increased risk of skin cancer in ever-users of UV tanning remains strong.

2. Consistency of Association

Dellavalle and colleagues point out that the link between UV tanning and skin cancer isn’t limited to a specific population or nationality. The association is consistent in all studies.

3. Specificity

A cause that leads to many effects is trickier to pin down than a cause that leads to one effect. The one-to-one relationship of UV radiation to skin cancer is long established.

4. Temporality

This may seem obvious, but in order for cause and effect to be true, the cause must happen before the effect. With UV tanning and skin cancer, we see that ever-use of tanning beds precedes increased risk for skin cancer.

5. Biological Gradient

The more an individual smokes, the more likely they are to contract lung cancer. And the more one uses UV tanning beds, the more likely they are to get skin cancer. Specifically, Dellavalle points out that, “Each additional tanning bed session per year confers a 1.8 percent increase in melanoma risk.”

6. Plausibility

Is there a plausible way that UV tanning could cause skin cancer? Sure. UV rays from tanning beds penetrate the skins epidermal layer and may induce DNA alternations that promote the formation of cancer.

7. Coherence

The data of lab experiments and population studies is coherent, meaning that data from both sources point toward a similar conclusion.

8. Experiment

Scientists have used UV radiation to cause skin cancer in animal models. But, just as it is unethical to encourage people to smoke in order to see if smoking causes lung cancer, it is unethical to encourage people to tan in order to see if tanning causes skin cancer. Dellavalle points out that lack of ability to test the effect of UV tanning on cancer in a randomized control trial is “a primary advantage for the tanning industry, which claims that there is lack of true science behind cancer-causing claims.”

9. Analogy

People with skin types that burn easily have higher rates of skin cancer. It’s analogous to tanning as a whole: the more burned someone gets, the higher their risk.

Dellavalle points out that most cancers are seen as the result of random, genetic mutations that unluckily allow cells to act cancerous. “But skin cancer and lung cancer are preventable types of cancer – reduce smoking and you reduce lung cancer; reduce UV exposure and you reduce skin cancer,” he says.

“It’s much easier to help people understand that indoor tanning causes cancer than it is to message something more convoluted about ‘association’,” Dellavalle says. “Tanning beds cause skin cancer. It is time to now more openly announce this causality.”

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Attorney David Soble Lists 5 Reasons Why You May Not Even Need An Attorney

Attorney David Soble Lists 5 Reasons Why You May Not Even Need An Attorney

“Persuade your neighbors to compromise whenever you can. As a peacemaker the lawyer has superior opportunity of being a good man…”—Abraham Lincoln

(PRWEB) September 30, 2014

When a legal matter arises, most people seek legal representation from a licensed attorney well- versed in the area of law that addresses their problem. But there are no laws against pursuing a matter without an attorney, and not all matters actually require professional guidance.    Here are 5 reasons why you may not even need an attorney:

1. You proceed Pro Per or Pro Se. These latin terms mean that one is advocating on one’s own behalf before a court, rather than being represented by a lawyer. If you feel confident that you can educate yourself about the relevant area of law that concerns you, then perhaps you could represent yourself in either civil or criminal court. When proceeding “pro se”, you will be held accountable for adhering to the court procedures and decorum in the applicable jurisdiction. Your tasks will include conducting proper legal analysis, preparing and writing proper legal pleadings and conducting the legal research and discovery necessary to prevail in your matter. You will still be responsible for filing fees, fees for depositions and other items related to handling your matter. If you are not sure what “discovery” involves…look it up! There’s no better time to start your pro se status than the present.

2. You hire a paralegal. A paralegal is a good person to seek help from if you have a matter that requires a lot of standard forms to complete. For instance, in a bankruptcy or a probate matter, the paralegal is limited to advising their client with filling in the answers to the legal questionnaires. A paralegal is similar to a physician assistant for a doctor. They are trained professionals who are legally limited to perform certain tasks. Like a real estate agent, or financial adviser, a paralegal cannot provide legal advice and can lose their license if they do so.

3 Your matter could be heard in Small Claims Court. In a small claims matter only the actual parties can represent themselves in civil matters. In most jurisdictions, the amount of the controversy is limited and ranges from 00 to 00 dollars. If you have seen Judge Judy, Okra, Kevin, or Evelyn on T.V., then you already have an idea of the less formal and more simple procedures found in a small claims court, with hopefully much less drama. But the small claims court is a great venue for people to seek redress and receive a binding judgment. When considering the costs and benefits of using an attorney, sometimes it’s best to pursue the maximum amount in a small claims action even if it doesn’t satisfy the total balance of the amount disputed.    

4. You consider mediation. There is a recent trend in the law known as “alternative dispute resolution.” In an attempt to save on costly litigation lay people and companies will often go to one attorney for assistance even though the parties may have opposing interests. While an attorney can represent both sides with proper written disclosures, the parties that I have known to use one attorney, leave unhappy. A more cost effective alternative is to use a trained mediator. A mediator is usually an attorney who is well versed in the law. They are supposed to be impartial, and depending on what the parties to mediation agree, the mediators opinion can be binding. Even if the parties choose not to have a binding decision, a mediator’s analysis is often a good indication of what outcome one can expect in a court of law.    

5. You have time and the fortitude.    Pursuing or defending a legal matter can be exhausting, both financially and emotionally, and this is usually when one retains an attorney. So consider the best use of your time. Could you be earning more investing your time into your own work instead of taking on larger and less familiar tasks? Do you have the emotional fortitude to withstand professional assaults on the integrity of your position? If you have the time and an iron stomach then you should consider pursuing your own claim.

Having an attorney is similar to hiring a real estate agent. In a real estate deal, one can sell their own home and save substantially on a sales commission. But the benefit of having a real estate agent is more than just about commission or having someone sticking a sign on your lawn or place a lock box on your door. A good agent performs so many administrative tasks behind the scenes. But most importantly, the agent acts as a professional buffer between a buyer and a seller. Not everyone has the emotional constitution to deal with criticism or unhappiness surrounding the sale or purchase of a their home. The real estate agent takes on the burden of softening the emotional blows and focusing on all the “working parts” needed to move a deal forward. That is what an attorney does for their clients, but on a higher level of the risk – reward equation.

Conclusion. There are times when using an attorney may not be necessary. But try not to cite “money” as the reason to forgo proper legal representation since there are different types of affordable fee arrangements that attorneys can structure for clients. If you are ever in doubt of your legal rights, absolutely no one but a licensed attorney (practicing in the area of law that concerns you) can advise you of your legal rights and remedies.) Attorneys, like most professionals, can briefly give you time to discuss and assess your matter and advise you accordingly. Only then should the options enumerated above be considered.        

About the Author: Since 1990, David Soble has represented lenders, loan servicers, consumers and business owners on residential and commercial real estate, finance and compliance issues. He has been involved in thousands of real estate transactions, being responsible for billions in real estate loan portfolios throughout his career.

Disclaimer: You should not rely or act upon the contents of this article without seeking advice from your own attorney.

Vocus©Copyright 1997-, Vocus PRW Holdings, LLC.
Vocus, PRWeb, and Publicity Wire are trademarks or registered trademarks of Vocus, Inc. or Vocus PRW Holdings, LLC.

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5 Reasons Why You Should Take Vitamin, Mineral And Antioxidant Supplements

5 Reasons Why You Should Take Vitamin, Mineral And Antioxidant Supplements

There is a vitamin, mineral and antioxidant supplement store in almost every shopping mall in the United States. We can also find vitamin, mineral and antioxidant supplement shelves in almost every super market. More and more people are taking food supplements today.

But there are quite a few people who still refuse to take vitamin, mineral and antioxidant supplements. They think that their diet is good enough and that they do not need to take any supplements. Theoretically what they are saying may be true, but in reality it is not possible to obtain all your nutritional needs from just the food you consume.

Here are 5 reasons why vitamin, mineral and antioxidant supplements are necessary in our daily life:

1. Eating a healthy and well-balanced diet every day is a difficult task.
The USDA Food Consumption Survey discovered that only 3 % of those surveyed actually ate healthful and balanced diets. And no one met the RDA (Recommended Dietary Allowances – which are set by the U. S. government about daily intakes.) consumption of vitamins and minerals.

2. The food you eat now does not contain the same amount of nutrition as it did in the past.
The nutrients in a soil have been exhausted over the years and the vegetables and fruits grown on the farm have been loosing its nutritious values. Therefore, the same amount of broccoli, for instance, contains less calcium and vitamin C than it did 50 years ago.

3. The over processed and preservative added food removes important nutrients.
Consuming even a very good diet is not sufficient if most of the nutrients, vitamins and minerals in our food are diminished by over processing and adding preservatives.

4. The RDA is only the lowest level of nutrient intakes that will prevent deficiencies in apparently healthy human beings.
The RDA was developed originally to help people reduce the rates of contracting severe nutritional deficiencies, like scurvy, rickets, beriberi and so forth which are rarely seen in our modern world. Instead, what we should be concerned with in this industrialized world are the degenerative diseases, such as heart disease, cancer, stroke, diabetes, osteoporosis and so forth. In order to prevent the degenerative diseases, we need to consume every day the optimal level of nutrients, beyond the RDA recommended level.

5. Complete nutritional intake is necessary for optimal health.
Using scientifically researched, complete and balanced, and quality nutritional supplements assures the necessary dietary intake for optimal health.

Choosing the quality vitamin, mineral and antioxidant supplements with safety, balance, completeness and potency in mind will help apparently healthy people stay healthy while lowering the provability of contracting degenerative diseases and enjoying a healthier and longer life.

Miko Matics is a health conscious nutritional researcher. She will introduce more of her findings to you on her site at

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